Publications

54. "Impact of Self-Assembled Monolayer Design and Electrochemical Factors on Impedance-Based Biosensing" Sensors 202020(8), 2246; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20082246
 
 
53.  "Nanoscale Visualization and Multiscale Electrochemical Analysis of Conductive Polymer Electrodes" ACS Nano, 2019, 13, 13271-13284. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/acsnano.9b06302
 
52.  "Stability of push–pull small molecule donors for organic photovoltaics: spectroscopic degradation of acceptor endcaps on benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene cores" Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2019, 7, 19984-19995. 
 
51. "Intersystem sub-population charge transfer and conformational relaxation preceding in situ conductivity in electrochemically doped poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) electrodes" Chemistry of Materials, 2019,, 17, 6870-6879.. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b01298
 
50.  "Stability of Charge Transfer States in F4TCNQ-doped P3HT" Chemistry of Materials, 2019, 31, 17, 6986-6994.https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b01549
 
49.  "Microstructure-dependent electrochemical properties of chemical-vapor deposited poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) films" Synthetic Metals (Invited), 2019, 253, 26-33.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.synthmet.2019.04.022
 
 
48. "Approaching single molecule sensing: predictive sweat sensor design for ultra-low limits of detection" Proceedings Volume 11010, Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing XX, 110100F, 2019, doi: 10.1117/12.2518543
 
 
47. "Printable transistors for wearable sweat sensing" Proceedings Volume 11020, Smart Biomedical and Physiological Sensor Technology XV, 1102000, 2019, https://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/conference-proceedings-of-spie/11020/2518890/Printable-transistors-for-wearable-sweat-sensing/10.1117/12.2518890.full
 
 
46. "Predicting limits of detection in real-time sweat-based human performance monitoring" Proceedings Volume 11020, Smart Biomedical and Physiological Sensor Technology XV, 1102000, 2019, https://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/conference-proceedings-of-spie/11020/110200O/Predicting-limits-of-detection-in-real-time-sweat-based-human/10.1117/12.2518885.full
 

45.  "High-Throughput Experimental Study of Wurzite Mn1-xZnxO Alloys for Water Splitting Applications" ACS Omega, 2019, 4,4, 7436-7447, https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsomega.8b03347

 
44. "Correlation of Coexistent Charge Transfer States in F4TCNQ-Doped P3HT with Microstructure" Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2018, 9, 6871-6877, https://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/acs.jpclett.8b03104
 
43. "Controlling the Kinetics of Charge Transfer at Conductive Polymer/Liquid Interfaces through Microstructure" The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2018, 122 (37), pp 21210–21215. https://pubs.acs.org/articlesonrequest/AOR-w5ZjR4XBvEfH2v54MUR8
 
 
42. "Energy Level Alignment of Molybdenum Oxide on Colloidal Lead Sulfide (PbS) Thin Films for Optoelectronic Devices" ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 2018, 10, 30, 24981-24986. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsami.8b07651
 
 
41.  "Normal and inverted regimes of charge transfer controlled by density of states at polymer electrodes" M. Rudolph and E.L. Ratcliff.  Nature Communications, 2017, Article 148.  doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01264-2.  
 
 
 
40.  "Critical Interface States Controlling Rectification of Ultrathin NiO–ZnO p–n Heterojunctions" K. Xerxes Steirer, Kai Lin Ou, Neal R. Armstrong, Erin L. Ratcliff.  ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 2017, 9, 36, 31111-31118.  
 
 
39. Introduction to themed issue: Electronic Materials.  Ratcliff, E.L, Shallcross, R.C., Armstrong, N.R.  Chemical Reviews, 2016, 116, 12821-12822.  https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdfplus/10.1021/acs.chemrev.6b00646
 

38.  Metal Oxide Heterointerfaces in Hybrid Electronic Platforms.  McLachlan, M.A. and Ratcliff, E.  Advanced Materials, 2016, 28, 20 3801.  https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adma.201601793/abstract

 
 
37.  "Conduct-induced mechanisms in organic photovoltaics: a steady-state 
and transient study.”  Cowan, S.R.; Li, J.V.; Olson, D.C.; Ratcliff, E.L. 
Advanced Energy Materials, 2015, 5, 1,1400549.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
36. “Influence of Backbone Fluorination in Regioregular Poly(3-alkyl-4-foro)thiophenes.”  Fei, Z.; Boufflet, P.; Wood, S.; Wade, J.; Moriarty, J.; Gann, E.;Ratcliff, E. L.; McNeill, C. R.; Sirringhaus, H.; Kim, J.-S.; Heeney, M. Journal of the American Chemical Society  2015, 137, 6866. 
 
 

35.  "Influence of Molecular Orientation on Charge-Transfer Processes at Phthalocyanine/Metal Oxide Interfaces and Relationship to Organic Photovoltaic Performance.”Lin, H.-C.; MacDonald, G. A.; Shi, Y.; Polaske, N. W.; McGrath, D. V.; Marder, S. R.; Armstrong, N. R.; Ratcliff, E. L.; Saavedra, S. S. “ The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2015, 119 (19), 10304-10313.https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b02971

 

 

 

 

34.  “Integrating Theory, Synthesis, Spectroscopy and Device Efficiency to Design Donor Materials for Organic Photovoltaics: a Case Study Including 12 Donors”  Oosterhout, S. D.; Kopidakis, N.; Owczarczyk, Z. R.; Braunecker, W. A.; Larsen, R. E.; Ratcliff, E. L.; Olson, D. C.  Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2015, 3(18), 9777-9788.  https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2015/ta/c5ta01153a

                              

33.  “Quantifying the Extent of Contact Doping at the Interface between High Work Function Electrical Contacts and  Poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT)"  Shallcross, R. C.; Stubhan, T.; Ratcliff, E. L.; Kahn, A.; Brabec, C. J.; Armstrong, N. R. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2015, 6,8, 1303-1309.  https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b00444

 

 

 

32.  ”Nickel oxide interlayer films from nickel formate-ethylenediamine precursor: Influence of annealing on thin film properties and photovoltaic device performance.” Steirer, K. X.; Richards, R. E.; Sigdel, A. K.; Garcia, A.; Ndione, P. F.; Hammond, S. R.; Baker, D. J.; Ratcliff, E. L.; Curtis, C.; Furtak, T. E., Ginley, D.S.; Olson, D.C.; Armstrong, N.R.; Berry, J.J. Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2015. 3, 20, 10949-10958.  https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2015/ta/c5ta01379h

 

31.  "Systematic electrochemical oxidative doping of P3HT to probe interfacial charge transfer across polymer-fullerene interfaces.” Jenkins, J.L.; Lee, P.A.; Nebesny, K.W.; Ratcliff, E.L.  “Journal of Materials Chemistry A. 2014, 2, 45, 19221-19231.  https://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2014/ta/c4ta04319g

 

 

30.  "Semi-random vs Well-defined Alternating Donor-acceptor Copolymers."  Braunecker, W.A.; Oosterhout, S.D.; Owczarczyk, Z.R.; Kopidakis, N; Ratcliff, E.R; Ginley, D.S.; Olson, D.C.  ACS Macro Letters 2014, 3(7), 622-627.

29.  “Chemically-controlled reversible and irreversible extraction barriers in polycarbazole-based organic solar cells.” Cowan, S.R.; Schulz, P.; Giordano, A.J.; MacLeod, B.A.; Garcia, A.; Marder, S.; Kahn, A.; Ginley, D.S.; Ratcliff, E.L.; Olson, D.C. Advanced Functional Materials, accepted, 10.1002/adfm.201400158.

28.  “Modification of the Gallium-doped Zinc Oxide Surface with Self-Assembled Monolayers of Phosphonic Acids: A Joint Theoretical and Experimental Study.” Li, Hong; Ratcliff, E.L.; Sigdel, A.K.; Giordano, A.J.; Marder, S.R.; Berry, J.J.; Bredas, J.L. Advanced Functional Materials, 2014, 24(23), 3593–3603.

27.  “Formation of interfacial traps upon surface protonation in small molecule solution processed bulk heterojunctions probed by photoelectron spectroscopy.” Ratcliff, E.L.; Bakus, R.C.; Welch, G.C.; van der Poll, T.; Garcia, A.; Cowan, S.R.; Bazan, G.C.; Olson, D.C.  Journal of Materials Chemistry, C, 2013, 1, 6223-6234.

26. “Deciphering the Metal-C60 Interface in Optoelectronic Devices: Evidence for the C60 Reduction by Vapor Deposited Al.”Matz, D.L.; Ratcliff, E.L.; Meyer, J.; Kahn, A.; Pemberton, J.   ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 5(13), 6001+, 2013.

25. “Energy level alignment and morphology of Ag and Au nanoparticle recombination contacts in tandem planar heterojunction solar cells.” Steirer, K.X.; MacDonald, G.A.; Olthof, S.; Gantz, J.; Ratcliff, E.L.; Kahn, A.; Armstrong, N.R.  Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2013, 117, 43, 22331-22340.

24. “Investigating the influence of interfacial contact properties on open circuit voltages in organic photovoltaic performance: work function versus selectivity.” Ratcliff, E.L; Garcia, A.; Paniagua, S.A.; Cowan, S. R.; Girordano, A.J.; Ginley, D.S.; Marder, S.R.; Berry, J.J.; Olson, D.C. Advanced Energy Materials, 3 (5) 647-656, 2013.

23. “Highly-Tunable Nickel Cobalt Oxide as a Low-Temperature p-Type Contact in Organic Photovoltaic Devices.” Ndione, Paul F.; Garcia, Andres; Widjonarko, N. Edwin; Sigdel, Ajaya K.; Steirer, K. Xerxes; Olson, Dana C.; Parilla, Philip A.; Ginley, David S.; Armstrong, Neal R.; Richards, Robin E.; Ratcliff, Erin L.; Berry, Joseph J. Advanced Energy Materials, 3 (4), 524-531, (2013).

22.  “Orientation and order of phenyl phosphonic acid self-assembled monolayers on transparent conductive oxides: A combined NEXAFS, PM-IRRAS, and DFT study.”  Gliboff, Matthew; Sang, Lingzi; Knesting, Kristina; Schalnat, Matthew; Mudalige, Anoma; Ratcliff, Erin; Li, Hong; Sigdel, Ajaya; Berry, Joseph; Nordlund, Dennis; Giordano, Anthony; Seidler, Gerald; Bredas, Jean-Luc; Marder, Seth; Pemberton, Jeanne; Ginger, David.  Langmuir, 29 (7), 2166-2174, (2013).

21. “Built-in potential in conjugated polymer diodes with changing anode work function: Interfacial states and deviation from the Schottky-Mott Limit.”  MacLeod, Bradley; Horwitz, Noah; Ratcliff, Erin; Jenkins, Judith; Armstrong, Neal; Giordano, Anthony; Hotchkiss, Peter; Marder, Seth; Campbell, Charles; Ginger, David. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 3 (9), 1202-1207 (2012).  

20.  “Improvement of interfacial contacts for new small molecule bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaics.”Garcia, A.; Welch, G.C.; Ratcliff, E.L.; Ginley, D.S.; Bazan, G.C.; Olson, D.C.  Advanced Materials,24,31, 2012.

19.  “Electron transfer processes in monolayer-tethered zinc phthalocyanines: Characterization by waveguide spectroelectrochemistry, voltammetry, and potential-modulated attenuated total reflectance (PM-ATR).” Lin, H.C.; Polaske, N.W.; Oquendo, L.E.; Gliboff, M.; Knesting, K.M.; Norlund, D.; Ginger, D.S.; Ratcliff, E.L.; Beam, B.M.; Armstrong, N.R.; McGrath, D.V.; Saavedra, S.S.   Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters.,3 (9), 1154-1158 (2012).

18. “Surface composition, work function, and electrochemical characteristics of gallium-doped zinc oxide.” Ratcliff, E.L.; Sigdel, A.K.; Macech, M.R.; Nebesny, K.; Lee, P.A.; Ginley, D.S.; Armstrong, N.R.; Berry, J.J.  Thin Solid Films,520 (17) 5652-5663, 2012. 

17. “Energy level alignment in PCDTBT:PC70BM solar cells: solution processed NiOx for improved hole collection and efficiency.”  Ratcliff, E.L.; Meyer, J.; Steirer, K.X.; Armstrong, N.R.; Olson, D.C.; Kahn, A.  Organic Electronics,13, 744-749 (2012).

16. “Evidence for near-surface NiOOH species in solution-processed NiOx selective interlayer materials: impact on energetics and the performance of polymer bulk heterojunction photovoltaics.”  Ratcliff, E.L.; Meyer, J.; Steirer, K.X.; Garcia, A.; Berry, J.J.; Ginley, D.S.; Olson, D.C.; Kahn, A.; Armstrong, N.R. Chemistry of Materials 23(22) 4988-5000 (2011).

15. “Phosphonic acid functionalized asymmetric phthalocyanines: Synthesis, modification of indium tin oxide (ITO), and charge transfer.” Polaske, N.W.; Lin, H.; Tang, A.; Mayukh, M.; Oquendo, L.E.; Green, J.T.; Ratcliff, E.L.; Armstrong, N.R.; Saavedra, S.S.; McGrath, D.V.  Langmuir, 27(24) 14900-14909 (2011).

14. "Sputtered nickel oxide thin film for efficient hole transport layer in polymer-fullerene bulk-heterojunction organic solar cell," Widjonarko, N.E.; Ratcliff, E.L.; Perkins, C.I.; Sigdel, A.K.; Zakutayev, A.; Ndione, P.F.; Gillaspie, D.T.; Ginley, D.S.;  Olson, D.C.; Berry, J.J. "Thin Solid Films, 520(10) 3813-3813, 2012.

13. “Enhanced efficiency in plastic solar cells via energy matched solution processed NiOx interlayers.”  Steirer, K.X; Ndione, P.F.; Widjonarko, N.E.; Lloyd, M.T.; Meyer, J.; Ratcliff, E.L.; Kahn, A.; Armstrong, N.R.; Curtis, C.J.; Ginley, D.S.; Berry, J.J.; Olson, D.C. Advanced Energy Materials, 1 (5) 813-820 (2011).

12. “Selective interlayers and contacts in organic photovoltaic cells.”  Ratcliff, E.L.; Zacher, B.; Armstrong, N.R. Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2 (11) 1337-1350. (2011).

11.  “A planar, chip-based, dual-beam refractometer using an integrated organic light emitting diode (OLED) light source and organic photovoltaic (OPV) detectors.”  Ratcliff, E.L.; Veneman, P.A.; Simmonds, A.; Zacher, B.; Huebner, D.; Saavedra, S.S.; Armstrong, N.R.  Analytical Chemistry 82 (7) 2734-2742 (2010).

10. “Ferrocene functional polymer brushes on indium tin oxide via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization.” Kim, B.Y.; Ratcliff, E.L.; Armstrong, N.R.; Kowalewski, T.; Pyun, J.  Langmuir, 26(3) 2083-2092. (2010).

9. “Work function control of hole-selective polymer/ITO anode contacts: an electrochemical doping study.” Ratcliff, E.L.; Lee, P.A.; Armstrong, N.R.   Journal of Materials Chemistry 20(13) 2672-2679 (2010).

8. “Colloidal polymerization of polymer-coated ferromagnetic nanoparticles in colbalt oxide nanowires.” Keng, P.Y.; Kim, B.Y.; Shim, I.B.; Sahoo, R.; Veneman, P.E.; Armstrong, N.R.; Yoo, H.; Pemberton, J.E.; Bull, M.M.; Griebel, J.J., Ratcliff, E.R., Nebesny, K.G., Pyun, J.  ACS Nano, 2009, 3, 10, 3143-3157.

7. “Oxide Contacts in Organic Photovoltaics: Characterization and Control of Near-Surface Composition in Indium-Tin Oxide (ITO)." Armstrong, N.R.; Veneman, P.A.; Ratcliff, E.; Placencia, D.; Brumbach, M.   Accounts of Chemical Research, 42 (11) 1748-1757.  (2009).

6. Colloidal Polymerization of Polymer Coated Ferromagnetic Nanoparticles into Cobalt Oxide Nanowires,” Keng, P.Y.; Kim, B.Y.; Shim, I.; Sahoo, R.; Veneman, P.A.; Armstrong, N.R.; Yoo, H.; Pemberton, J.E.; Bull, M.M; Griebel, J.J; Ratcliff, E.L.; Nebesny, K.W.; Pyun, J.  “ ACS Nano, 3 (10), 3143-3157, (2009).

5. “Organic/Organic’ Heterojunctions: Organic Light Emitting Diodes and Organic Photovoltaic Devices.” Armstrong, N.R.; Wang, W.N.; Alloway, D.M.; Placencia, D.; Ratcliff, E.; Brumbach, M.  Macromolecular Rapid Communications, 30, 717-731.  (2009)

4. “Electrodeposited, “textured” poly(3-hexylthiophene) (e-P3HT) films for photovoltaic applications.”  Ratcliff, E.L., Jenkins, J.L.; Nebesny, K.; Armstrong, N.R. Chemistry of Materials, 20, 5796-5806.  (2008)

3.  "Directed electrodeposition of polymer films using spatially controllable electric field gradients.” Ratcliff  E.L. and Hillier, A.C.  Langmuir, 23, 9905-9910 (2007).

2. “Scanning electrochemical mapping of spatially localized electrochemical reactions induced by surface potential gradients,” Jayaraman, S.; May, E.L. and Hillier, A.C.  Langmuir, 22, 10322-10328 (2006).

1.  “Rapid and reversible generation of a microscale pH gradient using surface electric fields,” May E. L. and Hillier A.C. Analytical Chemistry, 77, 6487-6493, (2005).